Arthritic conditions are degenerative diseases that affects the joints most commonly in the hips, spine, hands, and knees. It occurs when cartilage, a protective tissue between the joints, wears down resulting in chronic pain.
The most beneficial way to manage OA is to keep moving. Exercise builds muscles around OA-affected joints. Losing weight can help people with OA reduce pain and limit further joint damage. Slow, gentle stretching of joints may improve flexibility, lessen stiffness and reduce pain. Medicines for osteoarthritis are available as pills, syrups, creams or lotions, or they are injected into a joint. These include analgesics, nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and hyaluronic acid. Assistive devices are also commonly used such as scooters, canes, walkers or orthotics. Joint surgery can repair or replace severely damaged joints.
PRP therapy is used in minimally invasive surgeries to increase healing factors and decrease down-time.
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